Swedish Dictionary & Abbreviations

 

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A    
     
Abbreviation Term Definition
     
a anno (latin) year
a.a. ad acta (latin) to the record
abs. absens (latin) absent
abs. absolvera (to) absolve
a.d. anno domini (latin) in the year of the Lord
adm. admitterad confirmed
afg. afgång decease, depart to, departure
afl. afliden (to) expire, die
afsk. afskedade discharged, resigned
a.n. ante nuptius (latin) illegitimate, birth before marriage
anm. anmärkning remark, annotation
arb. arbetare worker, laborer
arb.bet. arbetsbetyg work permit
arrend. arrendator tenant farmer, leaseholder
afskr. afskrift transcript
     



 

Swedish Word Definition
   
afvittring assignment (of an inheritance)
afliden, avliden deceased
agnatus (latin) relationship through male line
agricola (latin) farmer
allmoge peasantry, country people
amma wet nurse
arbetare worker, laborer
arbetskarl laborer, journeyman
arf, arv inheritance, patrimony
arkiv office of records, archives
arfvinge, arvinge heir
arfskifte, avrskifte distribution of inheritance
attest certificate, testimony, attestation
   

 


 


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B    
     
Abbreviation Term Definition
     
b. bonde farmer, peasant
backst. backstugesittare owner of a small cottage and a small piece of land
bar. barn child, children
B.B. bär barnet carried the child at christening
beg., begr. begraven buried
bg., blg. bergslag region abounding in mines; mountain district
bl.a. bland annat among other things
bond. bonde farmer, peasant
br. brukare user, employer; farmer, tenant
     


Swedish Word Definition
   
barn child, children
barnbarn grandchild, grandchildren
barndop christening
barnhus orphanage
barnmorska midwife
barnsäng childbed, lying in
befallningshafvande commander, chief
befallningsman bailiff, headman
bergmästare mine master or foreman
bergsfogde bailiff of mines
bergslag region abounding in mines; mountain district
bergsman miner
besittningsrätt right of possession
besökare visitor; customs official
betyg certificate
bevis proof, testimony; certificate, attest; confirmation; voucher
bevistat (läs)förhör present at household examination (clerical survey)
boddräng servant in shop
bodgosse shopkeeper’s assistant, shopboy
bokförare bookkeeper, clerk
bonddräng farm hand
bonde farmer, peasant
broder brother
bror brother
brud bride
brudgum bridegroom
brukare user, employer; farmer, tenant
bruksegare factory manager; factory inspector
bänklängd pew lists
bär barnet carried the child at christening
bödel executioner, hangman
böndag fast day
böta (to) pay a fine
   


 


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C (see also under K)
     
Abbreviation Term Definition
     
c:a, ca. cirka about, approximately
caut. cautionister witness
cop., copul. copulerad married
cr. crono pertaining to the crown (government), crown owned
cr.h. crono hem crown owned home
     


Swedish Word Definition
   
cantor organist, choir director
cognatus (latin) related
conjugata (latin) married
copulatus (latin) married, marriage
copulerad married
crono pertaining to the crown
crono hem crown owned home
   


 


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D    
     
Abbreviation Term Definition
     
D. dotter daughter
d. den the
d.b. denna bok this book (current clerical survey)
d.h. dess hustru his wife
D.M. danneman gentleman, farmer
Dmca.,Dnca. Dominica (latin) Sunday
D:o dito ditto
Dr. doktor doctor
dr. dotter daughter
dr.,drg dräng farmhand, bachelor
Drag. dragon light cavalryman, dragoon
dtr. dotter daughter
d.v.s. det vill säga that is, i.e.
d.y. den yngre the younger
     


Swedish Word Definition
   
dagsverkare day laborer
danneman gentleman, farmer
datum date
de fattigas andel the poor’s share
den döptes namn the baptized’s name
den yngre the younger
den äldre the older
dies (latin) day
difteri diphtheria
direktör general manager, vice president
disponent (acting) manager
distrikt district
dito ditto
diverse diverse, various, sundry
doktor doctor
dombok book of judgments
domkyrka cathedral
domprost pastor in a cathedral parish
domsaga jurisdictional district
dop baptism
dopattest certificate of baptism
doplängd record of baptism
dopvittne sponsor at a baptism
dotter daughter
dragon light cavalryman, dragoon
drunknad drowned
dräng farmhand, bachelor, young man
död dead
död- och begravnings-bok, -böcker death and burial book, books
dödsdag day of death
dödslängd record of death
dödsorsak cause of death
   


 


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E    
     
Abbreviation Term Definition
     
eg. egare owner
e.Kr. efter Kristi födelse A.D.
e.m. eftermiddag afternoon, P.M.
enk. enka widow
enkl. enkeman widower
     


Swedish Word Definition
   
efterlefvande surviving
efternamn surname
egare, ägare owner
embetsman, ämbetsman official (public or government)
emeritus emeritus
emigrera (to) emigrate
enka, änka widow
enkefru, änkefru widow (lady)
enkeman, änkeman widower
enkling, änkling widower
enskild private, individual
   


 


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F    
     
Abbreviation Term Definition
     
f. fadder sponsor, godfather godmother, witness at christening
f. fader, dotter (filia), son (filius) father, daugther, son
fad. fader father
fadd. fadder sponsor, godfather, godmother, witness at christening
fam. familj family
fast. fastighet real estate
f.d. före detta formerly
f.Kr. före Kristi födelse B.C.
f.m. förmiddag morning, forenoon, A.M.
forts. fortsättning continuation
frånv. frånvarande absent
förs. församling parish, congregation
försv. försvarslös person without guardian or legal protection, vagrant
fört. förteckning list, catalog, index
     


Swedish Word Definition
   
fabrik factory, mill
fadder sponsor, godfather, godmother, witness at christening
fader father
fallsjuka epilepsy
familj family
far father
farbror father’s brother, uncle
farfar father’s father, grandfather
farmor father’s mother, grandmother
fastedag day of fasting
fattig poor
fattigdom poverty, want
fattighjon pauper
fattighus poorhouse
fattigkassa fund for the relief of the poor
filia (latin) daughter
filius (latin) son
finsk Finnish
fiskare fisherman
fjärdingsman petty (parish) constable
flicka girl
fogde county-steward, bailiff
folio page
folkräkning census
folkskola common (elementary) school
forskare inquirer, researcher, scientist
fosterbarn foster child or foster children
frater (latin) brother
fregdebetyg certificate of character
frejd character
frelse, frälse free, noble (person); free from tax
frelsegård tax-exempt farm
frelsehemman tax-exempt farm
friherre baron
frikyrka free church
fru mistress, madam, Mrs, wife
fruntimmer female creature, used to describe an unmarried girl who has mothered a child
fullmäktig attorney
fältpräst, feltprest field preacher, army chaplain
fältskär, feltskär barber surgeon
fängelse, fengelse prison
föda (to) give birth to
födelse birth
födelsebok birth book
födelseort place of birth
förfader forefather
förhörsbok examination book
förlofvning betrothal, engagement
förmyndare guardian
församling parish,congregation
församling och socken congregation and parish
församlingsbok parish record book
förstår understand
försvarlig justifiable, irreproachable
försvarslös person without guardian or legal protection, vagrant
förteckning list, catalog, index
förvaltare administrator, steward
föräldrar parents
   


 


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G    
     
Abbreviation Term Definition
     
g. gift married
gam. gamla old
G.B. gamla bok old book (previous clerical survey)
gd. gård farm, estate, yard, court; house
gdm. gudmoder godmother
ges. gesäll apprentice
gl. gammal old
g.m. gift med married to
grat. gratialist pensioner
grufarb. grufarbetare miner
grufveg. grufvegare mine owner
     


Swedish Word Definition
   
gammal old
garfvare, garvare tanner
gelbgjutare brassfounder, brazier
genealog genealogist
gesäll apprentice
gift married; poison
giftermål marriage ceremony
giftoman bride’s sponsor; guardian, he who has the right to give a young woman in marriage
giftorätt a wife’s share of the estate of her husband
gjutare foundry worker
glasblåsare glassblower
gods goods; property
godsegare, godsägare estate owner, landed proprietor
gosse boy
graf, grav grave, sepulchre
granne neighbor
grefve, greve count
grekiskkatolsk Eastern Orthodox
grofsmed, grovsmed blacksmith
grosshandlare wholesale merchant
grufarbetare, gruvarbetare miner
grufdräng, gruvdräng mine worker
gruffogde, gruvfogde overseer of a mine, mine captain
gruffolk, gruvfolk miners
guddotter goddaughter
gudfader godfather
gudmoder godmother
gudstjenst, gudstjänst religious service
guldsmed goldsmith
gumma old woman
gård farm, estate; yard, court; house
gårdfarihandlare peddler, hawker of goods and wares
gårdsbrukare farm worker
gårdsdräng hostler, farm servant
gårdsegare, gårdsägare owner of farm
gårdsfolk farm servants
gårdskarl farmhand
gäld debt
gästgifvare innkeeper
göra dagsverke to day work (on a farm)
   


 


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H    
     
Abbreviation Term Definition
     
H. herr Mr., lord, squire, master
H., h. hustru wife
h.a. hujus anno (latin) same year
hd. härad civil district, county
h.eg. hemmansegare farm owner
H:r herr Mr., lord
hsm., husm. husman cottager, crofter, tenant
härst. härstädes here, at a given location
     


Swedish Word Definition
   
hammarskatt tax paid for forged iron
hamnfogde water bailiff, overseer of harbor
handelsbetjent merchant’s clerk, shopman
handelsbiträde clerk in a shop
handelsbokhållare merchant’s clerk, bookkeeper
handelsidkare trader
hattmakare hatmaker
hembygd native place
hemmansbrukare farmer
hemmansegare farm owner
herr Mr., lord
herrgård manorial estate
hinderslös free, unhindered (to travel/marry)
hjelpkarl charman
hjonelag matrimony
hofrätt, hovrätt circuit court of appeal
hofslagare, hovslagare farrier
hosta (to) cough; cough
hufvudarvinge chief heir
husbonde small farmer; head of household
husdräng man servant
husegare, husägare proprietor of a house
husförhör household exemination
husförhörslängd household exemination (clerical)
husman cottager, crofter, tenant
huspiga housemaid
hustru wife
hyresgäst lodger
hytta smeltery, foundry
håll och stygn pneumonia
hälftenbrukare farmer who pays half the profit of the land let to him
häradsfogde bailiff of a district
häradshöfding justice of a district
häradsrätt district court
häradsskrifvare clerk of a district
   


 


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I    
     
Abbreviation Term Definition
     
ib., ibid. ibidem (latin) the same place, the same as, same
id. idem (latin) the same
idm. idim (latin) same
i.l. in loco (latin) in this place
inh. inhyses lodger
     


Swedish Word Definition
   
ibidem (latin) the same place, the same as, same
inflyttad moved in from another place
infra (latin) below
inhyses lodger
inhyseshjon a person living gratis at somebody’s house; a cottager
in loco (latin) in this place
in- och utflyttning in and out moving
inskrifning entering a person’s name, enrollment
inteckning mortgage; recording of a mortgage
intyg testimony, witness, certificate, evidence
invandra to immigrate
inventarieförteckning inventory
item (latin) even so, futhermore
   


 


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J    
     
Abbreviation Term Definition
     
jbr.,jordbr. jordbrukare farmer
jfr. jungfru Miss, maiden, virgin
     


Swedish Word Definition
   
jordbrukare farmer
jordebok public register of land
jordegare, jordägare landed proprietor, landlord
jordfästning bury, burial
   


 


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K (see also under C)
     
Abbreviation Term Definition
     
k.f. kvinnsfaddrar female sponsors at christening
khde kyrkoherde parish minister, parson
K.Maj:t Kunglig Majestät the King
kr. kronor crown (Swedish currency)
Kongl.Maj:t Kunglig Majestät the King
Kungl.Maj:t Kunglig Majestät the King
kv. kvinna woman
kyrkov. kyrkovaktare church officer or caretaker
     


Swedish Word Definition
   
kapellförsamling chapelry, small chapel, dependant branch of a parish
kapten captain
katekes catechism
katekismilängd communion record
katolsk Catholic
kavalleriinspektör Inspector General of the Cavalry
kirurg surgeon
klensmed locksmith
kofferdi merchant service
kofferdiskepp trading vessel
kolorist colorist, one who deals in colors
kommissarie commissary, commissioner
kommissioner commissioner, agent
kommun parish; commune; to receive the Lord’s supper
konfirmationsböcker confirmation books
konfirmerad confirmed
konkurs bankruptcy
kontorist clerk
kontrahent contracting party
kontrollör controller
koppor smallpox
kristen Christian
krog alehouse, public tavern
krono belonging to the crown (government)
kronobetjent constaple
kronofogde district bailiff; attorney
kronohemman farm owned by the crown
kronojord land belonging to the crown
kronotionde tithe due to the crown
kronotorpare crofter living on land belonging to the goverment
kronoutskylder government taxes
krögare alehouse or tavern keeper
kusin cousin
kvinna woman
kvinnolinje female line
kvinnsfaddrar female sponsors at christening
kyrka church
kyrkobok church book, parish register
kyrkoby village in which the parish church is located
kyrkogång introduction into church after childbirth
kyrkoherde parish minister, parson
kyrkoräkenskaper church accounts
kyrkotagning churching (introdution of mother into congreation after childbirth)
kyrkovaktare church officer or caretaker
kyrkvärd church warden
kyrkoår church year
köping small town; market town
köpman merchant
   


 


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L    
     
Abbreviation Term Definition
     
l., l:a lilla little
landsförslg landsförsamling rural parish of a city
lfs. landsförsamling rural parish of a city
lärl. lärling apprentice
     


Swedish Word Definition
   
lada barn
ladugård cowhouse, cowshed; barn; farm buildings; dairy farm
ladugårdspiga milk maid
lagfart legal confirmation of possession; probate
lagfartsprotokoll probate accounts
lagkarl lawyer
laglig legal, lawful
lagman district judge
lagsaga district jurisdiction
land country
landsarkiv provincial archive
landsförsamling rural parish of a city
landshöfding governor of a province
landskansli provincial chancery office, office of the Clerk of the Peace
landskanslist servant (clerk) in the provincial chancery office
landskap province
landskontorist lower civil servant worker
landtbruksgods (large) (landed) estate; country seat
landtbrukare, lantbrukare husbandman, gentleman farmer (well to do)
landtmäteri, lantmäteri land surveying
lasarett hospital
legohjon hired servant
liten little, small
literat man of letters
lungsot consumption, tuberculosis
lysning bann
lysnings- och vigselböcker banns and marriage books
låntagare borrower
låssmed locksmith
läkare doctor
länsbokhållare county accountant’s clerk
länsfängelse county jail
länsherre liege lord
länsman sergeant in a district; liegeman, vassal
länsrätt feudal right
läser och förstår reads and understands
läser utantill knows by heart
läsning innantill reading in the book
läst last
lätteligen easily
löf, löv leaf
lördag Saturday
lösa arbetare day laborers
   


 


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M    
     
Abbreviation Term Definition
     
m. man man, male, husband
m. mater (latin) mother
m.fl. med flera and several others
m.m. med mera and my others
mod., modr. moder mother
mort. mortua (latin) deceased
mtl. mantal assessed unit of land, taxation of farm
mån. månad month
mäst. mäster, mästare master expert, the boss
     


Swedish Word Definition
   
madam Mrs., married woman
magister master of arts or science
mamsell miss, young woman
mantal assessed unit of land; taxation of farm
manufakturarbetare factory worker
marknad market, fair
meritlista (list of) qualifications
middag noon, noonday, midday
minderårig underage
ministerialbok parish register
minuthandlare retailer
morbror mother’s brother, uncle
morfar mother’s father, grandfather
mormor mother’s mother, grandmother
musikant musician
myndig of age, attain majority
måg son-in-law
mässling measles
mästare master, expert
mönsterrulla muster roll
mönsterskrifvare roll clerck at regiment
   


 


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N    
     
Abbreviation Term Definition
     
n. natus (latin) born
.n. nomine (latin) name
N:a, n. norra north
Nat. natur natural (in reference to having had smallpox)
nat. nata (latin) born
N.B. nya bok new book
nb nota bene (latin) note well
NN nomen nescio (latin) name not known
nom. nomine (latin) name
n:r nummer number
nup. nuptiae (latin) wedding
     


Swedish Word Definition
   
namn name
nattvard supper (communion)
natus (latin) born
necessitate baptisatus (latin) compulsory baptism
nedan below, beneath
nemdeman, nämndeman juryman
nepos (latin) nephew, grandchild, descendant
nerffeber, nervfeber typhoid fever
nybyggare settler
nådehjon almsman, one who lives on charity
nöddop emergency or private baptism
   

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O    
     
Abbreviation Term Definition
     
o. och and
.og. ogift unmarried
osv. och så vidare and so forth
oä. oäkta illegitimate child
     


Swedish Word Definition
   
obefintlig non-existent, not to be found
obefintlighetslängd list (roll) of absconded parishioners
odalman freeholder (one who has tenure on property for life), yeoman; farmer who actually owns the land that he farms
odaterad not dated
odöpt not baptized
officer (military commissioned) officer
ofrälse not noble; the commons (land)
ofvan above
ofvanföre above, farther up
ofvanstående the above (foregoing)
oförmåga inability, impotency
ogift unmarried
okänd unknown
olycka accident, misfortune
omgift married again
omyndig minor, underage
ort country, region, place, soil
ostindiefarare East-Indiaman; man from East India
oäkta dotter illegitimate daughter
   


 


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P    
     
Abbreviation Term Definition
     
p., pag. pagina (latin) page
p. pater (latin) father
p., pig. piga maid, spinster, single girl
     


Swedish Word Definition
   
pastor reverend, parish minister
pastorat parish
patron patron, protector, master
personakt personal record
piga maid, spinster, single girl
pingst Pentecost, Whitsunday
polis police
polisbetjent policeman, constable
prost dean of a cathedral, or rural dean
prosteri deanery
protokollsekreterare one who takes the minutes
provinsialläkare medical officer to county council
präst minister
prästgård parsonage
prästman clergyman
   


 


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Q    
     
Abbreviation Term Definition
     
q. qvinna woman
Qvf qvinnfaddrar female sponsors at christening
Qv.mil. qvadratmil square mile
     


Swedish Word Definition
   
quae, qui, quod (latin) who, which
   


 


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R    
     
Abbreviation Term Definition
     
r., rytt. ryttare cavalryman, horseman
reg. regemente regiment
ren. renata (latin) christened, baptized
Rdr riksdaler “dollar” (old Swedish currency)
     


Swedish Word Definition
   
regementsräkenskaper regimental accounts
renata (latin) christened, baptized
reservofficer officer (in) the reserve
riddare nobleman, knight
riddarhuset house of nobility
riksarkivet national or state archives
riksdag diet, national parliament
riksdagsman member of parliament
rote [pronounced root-eh] a pair, small group; part of a territory; district of a parish or city; ward
rotebonde farmer who is bound to contribute to a foot soldier’s or a sailor’s maintenance
rotehjon pauper within a “rote” (district)
rotehållare farmer who is bound to furnish a foot soldier’s os sailor’s equipment
rotemästare chief of file, quartermaster
roterings- och utskrifnings-längderna list of grouped potential soldiers and conscripts
rulla record, list
rusthåll lands (farms) required to equip a soldier
rusthållare owner of a farm (land) which is bound to funish supplies for a cavalryman
ryttare cavalryman, horseman
räkenskaper records of accounts
räntmästare treasurer
rödsot dysentery
   


 


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S    
     
Abbreviation Term Definition
     
s. son son
s., sn socken parish
s. söndag Sunday
S, s, sö södra south, southern
sal. salig deceased, blessed
sep. sepultus (latin) buried
s.k. så kallad so called
skplg. skeppslag district along the coast
skräd. skräddare tailor
sn socken parish
sold. soldat soldier
spons. sponsorer witnesses
S:t sankt saint
St. stora large, big (name for the large part of a place)
stud. student student
susc. susceptrix (latin) godmother
sv:f svärfar father-in-law
sv:m svärmor mother-in-law
syst. syster sister
     


Swedish Word Definition
   
sammanviga (to) join in marriage
sepulta (latin) buried
sergeant sergeant
sidostyng pleurisy
silfversmed silver smith
sistnämnd last, last mentioned
sjukdom sickness
sjökapten sea captain
sjömanshus general register and record office of shipping and sailors
skadad injured, badly hurt
skatt tax
skattebonde a farmer who pays rent to the crown or a nobleman
skattmästare treasurer
skattskrifning tax list
skeppsmönsterrullor navy muster rolls
skiljobref bill of divorce
skilsmässa divorce; seperation
skjutsbonde postillion, driver
skomakare shoemaker
skrifva, skriva (to) write
skräddare tailor
slaktare butcher
släkt family, kindred, relation, tribe
släktbok lineage book
släktforskning genealogy
släkting relative
släktskap relationship, kinship, affinity
smed smith, blacksmith
smittkoppor smallpox
småprotokoll guardian accounts
snickare carpenter, joiner
socken parish
sockenstuga house where church-wardens and parishioners hold meetings
sockenstämma parish meeting
sockenstämmoprotokoll minutes of parish meetings
soldat soldier
soldattorp soldier’s croft
sponsores (latin) witnesses
stad city, town
stadsarkiv city archive
stadsbetjent policeman, townsman
stadsfullmäktig town counsellor
stadsförsamling city parish
stamfader progenitor, ancestor, the first ancestor
stammoder the first mother
statare cotter, farm laborer
sterbhus house or family of a deceased person
stjuffader, styvfader, styvfar step-father
stjufmoder, styvmoder, styvmor step-mother
stor big, large
studiosus (latin) student
styf-, styv- step- (as in stepson)
sub (latin) under
supra (latin) above
   


 


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T    
     
Abbreviation Term Definition
     
t. testes (latin) witnesses or sponsors at baptism
tax.. taxera (to) assess, tax
test. testes (latin) witnesses or sponsors at baptism
t.ex. till exempel for example
tg. tingslag judicial district, (assize) division
t.o.m. till och med including
torp., tp. torpare crofter, cottager, peasant
trol. trolofvad betrothed, engaged
ty. tysk German
     


Swedish Word Definition
   
testes (latin) witnesses or sponsors at baptism
tjenare, tjänare servant
tjenarinna, tjänarinna female servant, maid
tjenstefolk, tjänstefolk servants
tjänsteman civil servant
torpare crofter, cottager, peasant
trolofvad betrothed; engaged
   


 


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U    
     
Abbreviation Term Definition
     
u. under under; at; during, while; wonder, miracle
undt.. undantagsman previous farm owner receiving his livelihood/support from
the person to whom the farm now belong
(usually related, as in father and son)
ung. ungefär about, approximately
     


Swedish Word Definition
   
undantagsman previous farm owner receiving his livinghood/support from the person to whom the farm now belongs (usually related, as in father and son)
undantagsrättighet the right of exemption or special privilege
uppbud proclamation
uppbördsman receiver of taxes, revenue collector
utdrag extract
utflyttad moved
utflyttning removal; migration; emigration
   


 


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V    
     
Abbreviation Term Definition
     
v., vacc. vaccinera (to) vaccinate
V:a, v:a, v västra west, western
välb. välboren honorable
     


Swedish Word Definition
   
vaccinera (to) vaccinate
vattusot dropsy
vecka week
vigd married
vigselbok marriage book
vitsord witness, authority, testimonial
vittnesmål deposition, evidence
volontär volunteer; army cadet, candidate for a lietenant’s commission; unsalaried clerk (in a bank)
välfrejdad of good reputation
värnplikt compulsory military service
   


 


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Y    
     
Abbreviation Term Definition
     
There are no abbreviation entries for the letter Y
     


Swedish Word Definition
   
yngre younger
yrke profession, occupation, trade
   


 


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Å    
     
Abbreviation Term Definition
     
Åb. åborätt tenant right, hereditary lease
     


Swedish Word Definition
   
åbo inhabitant, tenant, a farmer who does not own the land, but has the right of possession and habitation
år year
årlig annual, yearly
   


 


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Ä    
     
Abbreviation Term Definition
     
ä. änka widow
äkt.. äktenskap marriage, wedlock, matrimony
änk. änka widow
änkl. änkling widower
     


Swedish Word Definition
   
ägare owner, landowner
äkta legitimate, genuine
äktenskap marriage, wedlock, matrimony
äktenskapslysning marriage banns
äldre older, elder
änka widow
änkeman, änkling widower
ättling descendant
   



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Ö    
     
Abbreviation Term Definition
     
Ö:a, ö östra east, eastern
     


Swedish Word Definition
   
ö island
öfverste, överste colonel